Monthly Archives: November 2010

How Learning Works

This is a brief introduction to seven research-based principles for smart teaching in the book: How Learning Works. I summarize an email news letter from Tomorrow’s Teaching and Learning.

What is learning?

  • Learning is A process not a product
  • Learning involves change in knowledge, beliefs, behaviors, or attitudes.
  • Learning is not something done to students but rather something students themselves do.

Seven principles of learning?

  1. Student’s prior knowledge can help or hinder learning.
  2. How students organize knowledge influences how they learn and apply what they know.
  3. Students’ motivation determines, directs, and sustains what they do to learn.
  4. To develop mastery, students must acquire component skills, practice integrating them, and know when to apply what they have learned.
  5. Goal-directed practice coupled with targeted feedback enhances the quality of students’ learning.
  6. Students’ current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning.
  7. To become self-directed learners, students must learn to monitor and adjust their approaches to learning.